Maalik or Malik?
Reciting it as Maalik or Malik have both been authentically reported and preserved.
Reciting it as MALIK
MALIK means King. Kingship (sovereignty, authority, control,rule and Judge) belong to Allah alone and not to any of His creation. Here in the dunya His slaves fight to be kings on earth, competing with each other for power and dominion. But Allah says
لِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ
To Allah belongs the MULK of the heavens and the earth [Shūraá:49]
تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ الْمُلْكُ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the MULK, and He is Able to do all things MULK 1
On the day of Judgment they will come to know with certainty that in reality that they are powerless, helpless and that grandeur, power and authority belongs, in its entirety, to Allah alone.
The Day when they will (all) come out, nothing of them will be hidden from Allah. Whose is the kingdom this Day? (Allah Himself will reply to His Question): It is Allah’s the One, the Irresistible! Gafir 16
Reciting it as MAALIK (hafs an Asim)
MAALIK means Owner. To Allah belongs everything. Your wealth your heart your body your house your time your obedience your car the eat. The creatures in the sea everything that is above the earth and all that is between them. He is the owner of His mighty Throne and the owner of atoms and that which is smaller than that.
Allah adduced the absence of ownership of those worshiped besides Him as proof that they did not deserve worship,
وَيَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَمْلِكُ لَهُمْ رِزْقًا مِنَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ
And they worship besides Allah that which does not possess for them [the power of] provision from the heavens and the earth at all, and [in fact], they are unable. NAHL 73
قُلْ أَتَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا ۚ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
Say, “Do you worship besides Allah that which holds for you no [power of] harm or benefit while it is Allah who is the Hearing, the Knowing?” MA’IDAH: 76
al-Qurtubl and ash-Shawkani both stated that with respect to Allah, MALIK points to an Attribute of the Essence whereas MAALIK points to an Attribute of Action.
In relation to the Day of Judgment, everything would belong to Him and no one else. No one will be able to voice an opinion or enforce a ruling as they used to do on this world.
The Day that the Spirit and the angels will stand forth in ranks, none shall speak except any who is permitted by (Allah) Most Gracious, and He will say what is right. Naba 38
The Effect on us knowing Allah is Al-MAALIK/ Al-MALIK
If we realize Allah is al-Maalik
1. We should realize that all of His creation are considered to be His Mamaaleek (servants to Allah). If we are all servants towards Him, this necessitates that everything we possess or have in our possession doesn’t really belong to us rather it belongs to Allah.
And here we find an amazing show of Allah’s generosity. Allah rewards the one who gives charity even though the wealth that the servant gives belongs to Allah in the 1st place. So when we give charity we shouldn’t feel as though where giving something that belongs to us rather everything belongs to Allah. But Allah out of His generosity and mercy He rewards you and attributes that deed to you.
2. Also this necessitates that because He is the King then He has the right to determine the affairs of creation. In terms of the laws of creation and the laws of the sharia and the laws of reward and punishment.
3. The kingship of Allah is a kingship which is based on complete justice. We know this because this verse [malikyomideed] is mentioned straight after ar-Rahman arRaheen, so when we hear Allah is ‘Maalikyowmindeed’ we shouldn’t be in a complete state of complete fear because Allah mentioned beforehand that He is arrahanarahim.
True sovereignty, that Day, is for the Most Merciful. Furqan 26
So this is a kingship that is not based on terrine or greed, but rather based on mercy.
4. We shouldn’t disobey Him. And when we disobey the True King, then corruption appears will appear on the land and seas.
This concludes the section on the Name of Allah AL-MAALIK & AL-MALIK. There is so much more that can be said that has not been said but inshaaAllah this will suffice for now.
I will go into much more detail in future إن شاء الله but this will suffice for now.
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